In the more recent case, R. v. Sappier (2006), 2006 CarswellNB 676 (S.C.C.), the Supreme Court explained, “[W]hat is meant by ‘culture’ is really an inquiry into the pre-contact way of life of a particular aboriginal community, including their means of survival, their socialization methods, their legal systems, and, potentially, their trading habits.”
R. v. Goodstriker |
2012 CarswellAlta 2223 (Alta. Prov. Ct.) at para. 17|
LeGrandeur Prov. J.
I have found several definitions of “culture”, the noun upon which the adjective “multicultural” is based. No definition appears to be more appropriate than one contained in Webster's Third New International Dictionary (G. & C. Merriam Company) (1964) wherein “culture” is defined as, inter alia:
5a: the total pattern of human behavior and its products embodied in thought, speech, action, and artifacts and dependent upon man's capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations through the use of tools, language, and systems of abstract thought b: the body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits constituting a distinct complex of tradition of a racial, religious, or social group ... that complex whole that includes knowledge, belief, morals, law, customs, opinions, religion, superstition and art ...
R. v. W.H. Smith Ltd. |
1983 CarswellAlta 100 (Alta. Prov. Ct.) at para. 69 |
Jones Prov. J.